ABBREVIATIONS AND REFERENCES

AAS   Acta Apostolicae Sedis, official record of papal statements. Vatican: Rome, 1909–.
ACC   An American Catholic Catechism. Edited by G. J. Dyer. New York: Seabury, 1975.
Acc.   According to
ACE   Aspects of Christian Experience. Stephen M. Merrill. Cincinnati, OH: Walden and Stone, 1882.
ACW   Ancient Christian Writers: The Works of the Fathers in Translation. Edited by J. Quasten, J. C. Plumpe, and W. Burghardt. 44 vols. New York: Paulist Press, 1946–.
ADC   The Atonement of the Death of Christ. H. D. McDonald. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker, 1985.
AEG   Ante-Nicene Exegesis of the Gospels. Edited by Harold D. Smith. 6 vols. London: SPCK, 1925.
AF   The Apostolic Fathers. Edited by J. N. Sparks. New York: Nelson, 1978.
AFT   Agenda for Theology. Thomas C. Oden. San Francisco: Harper & Row, 1979.
Ag.   Against
AHS   Activities of the Holy Spirit. Edmund J. Fortman. Chicago: Franciscan Herald, 1984.
Alex.   Alexandria
AMW   After Modernity. . . . What?—Agenda for Theology. Thomas C. Oden. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 1989.
ANF   Ante-Nicene Fathers. Edited by A. Roberts and J. Donaldson. 10 vols. 1885–96. Reprint, Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 1979. Book and chapter or section number, followed by volume and page number.
Angl.   Anglicanism: The Thought and Practice of the Church of England. Edited by P. E. More and F. L. Cross. London: SPCK, 1935.
APD   The Apostolic Preaching and Its Developments. C. H. Dodd. New York: Harper, 1954.
Apol.   Apology
Apos. Const.   Apostolic Constitutions, or Constitutions of the Holy Apostles. ANF, vol. 7.
Apost.   Apostolic Constitutions, or Constitutions of the Holy Apostles. ANF, vol. 7.
APT   Apologetic and Practical Treatises. Tertullian. Edited by C. Dodgson. Oxford: Parker, 1854.
ARI   An Address on Religious Instruction. Gregory of Nyssa. LCC III, pp. 268–326.
Ari.   The Arians. In Works of John Henry Cardinal Newman. Edited by Joseph Rickaby. Westminster, MD: Christian Classics, 1977.
Arndt   A Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament and Other Early Christian Literature. W. F. Arndt and F. W. Gingrich. From W. Bauer, 1953. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2000.
Aspects   Some Aspects of Contemporary Greek Orthodox Thought. F. S. B. Gavin. Milwaukee, WI: Morehouse, 1923.
AST   Abstract of Systematic Theology. James Peitigru Boyce. 1887. Reprint, Louisville, KY: n.p., n.d.
Ath.   St. Athanasius. In Works of John Henry Cardinal Newman. Edited by Joseph ­Rickaby. 2 vols. Westminster, MD: Christian Classics, 1977.
ATW   After Therapy What? Lay Therapeutic Resources in Religious Perspective. Finch Lectures by Thomas C. Oden, with Responses by N. Warren, K. Mulholland, C. Schoonhoven, C. Kraft, and W. Walker. Edited by Neil C. Warren. Springfield, IL: Thomas, 1974.
BC   1 The Book of Concord. 1580. Edited by T. G. Tappert. Philadelphia: Muhlenberg, 1959. 2 Basic Christianity. John Stott. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 1964.
BCP   Book of Common Prayer. 1662. Royal Breviar’s edition. London: SPCK, n.d.
BCSP   The Beginnings of Christology: A Study of Its Problems. Willi Marxsen. Philadelphia: Fortress, 1969.
BDC   The Biblical Doctrine of the Church. William Robinson. St. Louis, MO: Bethany, 1946.
Bever.   Institutes of the Christian Religion. John Calvin. Translated by Henry Beveridge. 2 vols. London: Clarke, 1953.
BHT   The Bible in Human Transformation. Walter Wink. Philadelphia: Fortress, 1973.
Bk.   Book
BMW   The Bible in the Modern World. James Barr. London: SCM, 1973.
BOC   The Book of Concord. 1580. Edited by T. G. Tappert. Philadelphia: Muhlenberg, 1959.
BOConf.   The Book of Confessions. New York: United Presbyterian Church, 1966. Part I of The Constitution of the United Presbyterian Church. No page references, only section numbers.
BPR   Book of Pastoral Rule. Gregory the Great. NPNF 2 10.
BQT   Basic Questions in Theology. Wolfhart Pannenberg. 3 vols. Philadelphia: Westminster, 1970–73.
Brief Expl.   Brief Explanation of the Ten Commandments, Creed, and Lord’s Prayer. Martin ­Luther. In WML, vol. 2, pp. 351–286.
BSG   The Birth of the Synoptic Gospels. Jean Carmignac. Translated by Michael J. Wrenn. Chicago: Franciscan Herald, 1987.
BTL   A Black Theology of Liberation. James H. Cone. Philadelphia: Lippincott, 1970.
BW   St. Anselm: Basic Writings. Translated by S. N. Deane. LaSalle, IL: Open Court, 1966.
BWA   Basic Works of Aristotle. Edited by R. McKeon. New York: Random House, 1941.
C of E   Church of England
C&M   The Church and the Ministry. Charles Gore. 4th ed. London: Longmans, Green, 1910.
Catech.   Catechism or catechetical
Catech. Lect.   Catechetical Lectures. Cyril of Jerusalem. NPNF 2 7. FC 61, 64.
CC   Creeds of the Churches. Edited by John Leith. Richmond, VA: John Knox, 1979.
CCC   Creeds, Councils and Controversies. Edited by J. Stevenson. London: SPCK, 1966.
CCF   The Church’s Confession of Faith. German Bishops Conference. Edited by Walther Kasper. San Francisco: Ignatius, 1987.
CD   1 Church Dogmatics. Karl Barth. Edited by G. W. Bromiley, T. F. Torrance, et al. 14 vols. Edinburgh: Clark, 1936–69. 2 Christian Doctrine. Shirley Guthrie. Atlanta: John Knox, 1969. 3 Christian Dogmatics. Johannes Jacobus van Oosterzee. London: Hodder & Stoughton, 1874.
CD&ST   Christian Doctrine and Systematic Theology. Augustus Schultze. Bethlehem, PA: Times Publishing, 1909.
CDG   1 The Christian Doctrine of God. William Newton Clarke. Edinburgh: Clark, 1912. 2 The Catholic Doctrine of Grace. G. H. Joyce. London: Burns & Oates, 1920.
CDH   Cur Deus Homo. Anselm. Translated by S. N. Deane. LaSalle, IN: Open Court, 1966.
CDisc.   Christian Discourses. Søren Kierkegaard. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1952.
CDJR   The Christian Doctrine of Justification and Reconciliation. Albrecht Ritschl. Edited by H. R. Mackintosh. London, 1900.
CDS   The Christian Doctrine of Salvation. G. B. Stevens. Edinburgh: Clark, 1909.
CEJC   The Christology of Early Jewish Christianity. Richard N. Longenecker. London: SCM, 1970.
CER   Commentary on the Epistle to the Romans. Martin Luther. Translated by T. Mueller. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 1954.
CF   1 The Christian Faith in the Doctrinal Documents of the Catholic Church. Edited by J. Neuner and J. Dupuis. Rev. ed. New York: Alba House, 1982. 2 Christian Foundations. Henry Maldwyn Hughes. London: Epworth, 1951. 3 The Christian Faith. Claude Beaufort Moss. New York: Morehouse-Gorham, 1944. 4 The Christian Faith. Olin Curtis. Grand Rapids, MI: Kregel, 1971.
CFS   Cistercian Fathers Series. 44 vols. Kalamazoo, MI: Cistercian Publications, 1968–.
CG   1 City of God. Augustine. NPNF 1 2. 2 The Christ of the Gospels. William West Holdsworth. London: Kelly, 1911.
CGTC   Cambridge Greek Testament Commentary. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
CH   Church History. Eusebius of Caesarea. NPNF 2 1. FC 19, 29.
Ch.   Dogmatic Constitution on the Church (Lumen Gentium), Doc. Vat. II.
CHC   Commentary on the Heidelberg Catechism. Zacharius Ursinus. Cincinnati, OH: Bucher, 1851.
ChF   The Christian Faith. Friedrich Schleiermacher. Edinburgh: Clark, 1928.
Chr.   Christian, Christians
ChrD   1 Christian Dogmatics. Edited by Carl E. Braaten and Robert W. Jensen. 2 vols. Philadelphia: Fortress, 1984. 2 Christian Doctrine. J. S. Whale. London: Collins, 1957.
ChrF   1 The Christian Faith. Olin A. Curtis. New York: Methodist Book Concern, 1905. 2 The Christian Faith. Friedrich Schleiermacher. Edinburgh: Clark, 1928.
Clem. II   “An Anonymous Sermon, Commonly Called Clement’s Second Letter.” LCC 1, pp. 183–90.
CLRC   Courtenay Library of Reformation Classics. 5 vols. Appleford, Abingdon, Berkshire, England: Sutton Courtenay Press, n.d.
CLT   A Compendium of Luther’s Theology. Edited by H. T. Kerr. Philadelphia: Westminster, 1953.
CMM   The Catechism of Modern Man: All in the Words of Vatican II. Boston: St. Paul Editions, 1967.
CNT   Christology of the New Testament. Oscar Cullmann. Philadelphia: Westminster, 1959.
COC   Creeds of Christendom. Edited by P. Schaff. 3 vols. New York: Harper, 1919.
COD   Conciliorum Oecumenicorum Decreta. Freiburg: Herder, 1962.
Comm.   1 Commentary. 2 Calvin’s Commentaries. John Calvin. 22 vols. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker, 1981. Originally printed for the Calvin Translation Society, Edinburgh. 3 Commentaries. Bede. In Complete Works. Edited by J. Giles. 12 vols. London, 1843–44. See MPL 90–95. 4 Commonitory. Vincent of Lérins. NPNF 2 11. LCC 7.
Common Catech.   The Common Catechism. Edited by Johannes Feiner and Lukas Vischer. New York: Seabury, 1975.
Compend.   1 Compendium. 2 Compendium of Christian Theology. William Burt Pope. 3 vols. New York: Phillips & Hunt, n.d. 3 Compendium of Theology. Thomas Aquinas. New York: Herder, 1947.
Concl. Unsci. Post.   Concluding Unscientific Postscript. Søren Kierkegaard. Translated by David Swenson. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1941.
Conf.   Confession(s)
Conf.   Confessions. Augustine. LCC 7. NPNF 1 1. FC 21.
CPHS   The Church in the Power of the Holy Spirit. Jürgen Moltmann. San Francisco: Harper & Row, 1967.
CPWSF   Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud. 24 vols. London: Hogarth, 1953–.
CQLS   Commentaria in Quator Libros Sententiarum. In Works of Bonaventure. Translated by Jose de Vinck. 5 vols. Patterson, NJ: St. Anthony Guild, 1960–70.
CR   Corpus Reformatorum: Huldreich Zwinglis sämmtliche Werke; Johannis Calvini Opera; Philippi Melanchthonis Opera. Edited by C. G. Bretschneider and H. E. ­Bindseil. Halle: Halis Saxonium, 1834–60.
Crit. Pract. Reason   Critique of Practical Reason. Immanuel Kant. LLA.
CS   Christ the Savior. Reginald Garrigou-Lagrange. London: Herder, 1950.
CSCT   A Complete System of Christian Theology. Samuel Wakefield. New York: Carlton & Porter, 1862.
CSEL   Corpus Scriptorum Ecclesiasticorum Latinorum. Vienna: Tempsky, 1866.
CSK   The Cell of Self-Knowledge: Seven Early English Mystical Treatises (including Divers Doctrines, Katherine of Seenes, and Treatise of Contemplation, Margery Kempe). ­Edited by E. G. Gardner. New York: Duffield, 1910.
CSS   Cistercian Studies Series. 68 vols. Kalamazoo, MI: Cistercian Publications, 1968—.
CT   1 Corpus Theologiae. Johannes Henricus Heidegger. Zurich, 1700. 2 Christian Theology. Adam Clarke. Salem, OH: Schmul, 1990. 3 Christian Theology. Millard J. Erickson. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker, 1983. 4 Essentials and Non-essentials of the Christian Faith. John M. Shaw. Edinburgh: Clark, 1928. 5 A Complete System of Christian Theology. Samuel Wakefield. New York: Carleton and Porter, 1862. 6 Christian Theology. Jonathan Weaver. Dayton, OH: United Brethren Publishing, 1900. 7 Christian Theology. Emery H. Bancroft. Edited by Ronald B. Majors. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 1976.
CTC   Christianae Theologiae Compendium. Johannes Wollebius. Edited by Ernst Bizer. Neukirchen, 1935. English translation by John Beardslee, in RDB.
CTP   Contemporary Theology and Psychotherapy. Thomas C. Oden. Philadelphia: Westminster, 1967.
CUP   Concluding Unscientific Postscript. Søren Kierkegaard. Translated by David Swenson. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1941.
CV   Christus Victor. Gustaf Aulen. New York: Macmillan, 1958.
CVL   The Commonitory of Vincent of Lérins. With an Appendix by Bishop Beveridge on Consent of the Church. Baltimore, MD: Joseph Robinson, 1847.
CWB   A Commentary on the Whole Bible. Matthew Henry. 6 vols. Iowa Falls, IA: World Bible Publishers, n.d.
CWEI   Collected Writings. Edward Irving. 5 vols. 1864–65.
CWI   The Church of the Word Incarnate. Charles Journet. London: Sheed and Ward, 1954. References are to vol. 1 unless otherwise noted.
CWMS   Complete Writings of Menno Simons. Edited by John C. Wenger. Scottdale, PA: ­Herald, 1956.
CWS   Classics of Western Spirituality. Edited by Richard J. Payne, et al. 30 vols. Mahwah, NJ: Paulist Press, 1978–. Volumes unnumbered.
CWST   Complete Works of St. Teresa. Teresa of Avila. Edited by E. Allison Peers. 3 vols. London: Sheed and Ward, 1946.
DC   Doctrines of the Creed. Oliver C. Quick. London: Nisbet, 1938.
DCC   Documents of the Christian Church. Edited by H. Bettenson. New York: Oxford University Press, 1956.
DCF   A Defence of the Catholic Faith Concerning the Satisfaction of Christ Against Faustus Socinus. Hugo Grotius. 1617. Translated by F. H. Foster. London: Draper, 1889.
DF   Doctrina Foederum sive Systema Theologiae didacticae et elencticae. Johannes Braun. Amsterdam, 1588.
DG   The Doctrine of God. Herman Bavinck. Carlisle, PA: Banner of Truth, 1977.
DI   Divine Institutes. Lactantius. ANF 7. FC 49.
Dir. Ec.   Directory on Ecumenism. Secretariat for Promoting Christian Unity. Rome: Vatican, 1967.
Div. Inst.   Divine Institutes. Lactantius. ANF 7. FC 49.
Div. Names   Divine Names. Dionysius (Pseudo-Dionysius). Translated by C. E. Rolt. London: SPCK, 1975.
DL   The Divinity of Our Lord. H. P. Liddon. London: Rivingtons, 1875.
DNF   Defensio Fidei Nicaenae. George Bull. 1685. 2 vols. Oxford: Parker, 1851.
Doc. Vat. II   The Documents of Vatican II. Edited by W. M. Abbott. New York: Guild, 1966.
Doct.   Doctrine
Dogm.   Dogmatic, Dogmatics
Dogm.   Dogmatics. Emil Brunner. Philadelphia: Westminster, 1962. (The Christian Doctrine of the Church, Faith, and Consummation, unless otherwise indicated.)
DS   Enchiridion Symbolorum, Definitionum et Declarationum de Rebus Fidei et Morum. Compiled by H. Denzinger. 1854. Continued by C. Bannwart, et al. Berlin: Herder, 1922.
DSWT   Doctrinal Standards in the Wesleyan Tradition. Thomas C. Oden. Grand Rapids, MI: Francis Asbury, 1988.
DT   1 Dogmatic Theology. Francis Hall, 10 vols. New York: Longmans, Green, 1907–22. 2 Dogmatic Theology. Joseph Pohle. Edited by Arthur Preuss. 12 vols. St. Louis, MO: Herder, 1922. 3 Doctrinal Theology of the Evangelical Lutheran Church. Heinrich Schmid. 3d ed. Minneapolis, MN: Augsburg, 1899.
DUCC   Dictionnaire universel et complète des Conciles. Translated by J. P. Migne. Paris: Aux Ateliers Catholiques du Petit-Montrouge, 1847.
DWC   The Doctrine of the Work of Christ. Sidney Cave. Nashville, TN: Cokesbury, 1937.
EA   Martin Luthers sämmtliche Werke. Frankfurt and Erlangen, 1826–57. Erlanger ­Ausgabe, volume number followed by page number.
EC   1 An Exposition of the Creed. John Pearson. 1659. Edited by Edward Burton. London, 1833. 2 Evangelical Christology. Bernard Ramm. Nashville, TN: Nelson, 1985. 3 The Essentials of Christianity. Henry Clay Sheldon. New York: Doran, 1922.
Ec.   Decree on Ecumenism (Unitatis Redintegratio). Doc. Vat. II.
Eccl.   Ecclesiastical
ECD   Early Christian Doctrines. J. N. D. Kelly. New York: Harper, 1959.
ECF   Early Christian Fathers. Edited by H. Bettenson. London: Oxford University Press, 1969.
ECW   Early Christian Writers: The Apostolic Fathers. Translated by Maxwell Staniforth. London: Penguin, 1968.
ED   Elements of Divinity. Thomas N. Ralston. New York: Abingdon, 1924.
EDQ   Eighty-three Different Questions. Augustine. FC 70.
EF   The Evangelical Faith. Helmut Thielicke. 3 vols. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 1974–82.
EH   Ecclesiastical History. Eusebius of Caesarea. FC 19, 29.
EHCM   The End of the Historical-Critical Method. Gerhard Maier. St. Louis, MO: Concordia, 1977.
EL   Everyman’s Library. New York: Dutton, 1910–.
Elem.   Elementa theologiae dogmaticae. Francois Xavier Schouppe. Brussels: Goemaere, 1863.
ENTT   Essays in New Testament Themes. Ernst Käsemann. Studies in Biblical Theology, no. 41. London: SCM, 1964.
EP   The Epistle of St. Paul to the Colossians. Joseph J. Rickaby. London: n.p., 1921.
Epist.   Epistle(s)
EPT   Essays Philosophical and Theological. Rudolf Bultmann. New York: Macmillan, 1955.
ERD   Essays, Reviews, and Discourses. Daniel Whedon. New York: Phillips & Hunt, 1887.
ESS   Exercitationes sacrae in symbolum. Sacred Dissertations. Hermann Witsius. Translated by D. Fraser. Utrecht, 1694. Edinburgh: Fullerton, 1823.
ET   English translation
ETA   Examen Theologicum Acroamaticum. David Hollaz (or Hollatz). 1707. Leipzig: Brietkopf, 1763.
Evang.   Evangelical
EVO   Episcopacy and Valid Orders in the Primitive Church. Darwell Stone. London: Longmans, 1926.
Exhort.   Exhortation
Expos.   Exposition
F&T   Fear and Trembling and Sickness unto Death. Søren Kierkegaard. Translated by W. Lowrie. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1968.
FC   The Fathers of the Church: A New Translation. Edited by R. J. Deferrari. 95 vols. Washington, DC: Catholic University Press, 1947–.
FEF   The Faith of the Early Fathers. Edited by William A. Jurgens. 3 vols. Collegeville, MN: Liturgical Press, 1970–.
FER   The Fathers for English Readers. 15 vols. London: SPCK, 1878–90.
FGG   From Glory to Glory: Texts from Gregory of Nyssa’s Mystical Writings. Translated by H. Musurillo. Crestwood, NY: St. Vladimir’s Seminary Press, 1979.
FNTC   The Foundation of New Testament Christology. Reginald H. Fuller. New York: Scribner, 1965.
FTCT   Francisci Turretini Compendium Theologiae. Leonardus Riisen. Amsterdam, 1695.
GA   Grammar of Assent. In Works of John Henry Cardinal Newman. Edited by Joseph Rickaby. Westminster, MD: Christian Classics, 1977.
GC   Of God and His Creatures (an abbreviated translation of Summa Contra Gentiles). Thomas Aquinas. Translated by Joseph Rickaby. Westminster, MD: Carroll, 1950.
Gk.   Greek
GLNT   Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament. J. H. Thayer and C. Grimm. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 1965.
GRA   God, Revelation, and Authority. Carl F. H. Henry. Waco, TX: Word, 1976.
GWC   God Was in Christ. Donald M. Baillie. London: Faber & Faber, 1956.
Harmony   Harmony of the Evangelists. John Calvin, Commentaries 16, 17. See Comm.
HB   The Historian and the Believer. Van A. Harvey. New York: Macmillan, 1966.
HC   History of the Councils. K. J. von Hefele. 5 vols. Edinburgh: Clark, 1872–96.
HCCC   The History of the Church from Christ to Constantine. Eusebius. Translated by G. A. Williamson. New York: New York University Press, 1966.
HCS   A History of the Cure of Souls. J. T. McNiell. New York: Harper, 1951.
HCT   The Student’s Handbook of Christian Theology. Benjamin Field. New York: ­Methodist Book Concern, 1887.
HCTIS   Historical Criticism and Theological Interpretation of Scripture. Peter Stuhlmacher. Translated by Roy Harrisville. Philadelphia: Fortress, 1977.
Heb.   Hebrew
Heid.   Heidelberg
Her.   Heresies
Hex.   Hexaemeron
Hist.   History
Hom.   Homily or Homilies
HP   Hope and Planning. Jürgen Moltmann. New York: Harper & Row, 1971.
HPC   A Harmony of Protestant Confessions. Edited by Peter Hall. London: Shaw, 1842.
HPEC   Hymnal, Protestant Episcopal Church. New York: Church Pension Fund, 1916.
HS   1 The Holy Spirit. Alasdair Heron. Philadelphia: Westminster, 1983. 2 The Holy Spirit: Growth of a Biblical Tradition. G. T. Montague. New York: Paulist Press, 1976. 3 The Holy Spirit. John F. Walvoord. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 1958.
IAIA   Juliana of Norwich: An Introductory Appreciation and an Interpretative Anthology. Edited by P. Franklin Chambers. New York: Harper, 1955.
IBC   Interpretation: A Bible Commentary for Teaching and Preaching. 17 vols. Louisville, KY: Westminster John Knox, 1987–.
IBHJ   I Believe in the Historical Jesus. 1. Howard Marshall. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 1977.
IBHS   I Believe in the Holy Spirit. Yves Congar. 2 vols. New York: Seabury, 1983.
IC   Introduction to Christianity. Joseph Ratzinger. New York: Herder & Herder, 1970.
ICD   Introduction to Christian Doctrine. T. E. Jessop. New York: Nelson, 1960.
ICNT   Images of the Church in the New Testament. Paul S. Minear. Philadelphia: Westminster, 1960.
ICT   Introduction to Christian Theology. Lectures at Duke Divinity School. Jürgen Moltmann. Edited by Douglas Meeks. Durham, NC: Duke Divinity School, 1968 (mimeographed).
Incarn.   Incarnation
Inst.   Instruction
Inst.   1 Institutes of the Christian Religion. John Calvin. LCC 20–21. References are by book and chapter number, sometimes followed by section number. 2 The Instructor. Clement of Alexandria. ANF 2.
Intro.   Introduction
ITE   Institutio Theologiae elencticae. Francis Turretin. Utrecht and Amsterdam, 1701.
ITLC   Institutiones Theologicae seu Locorum Communium Christianae Religionis. Guillaume Bucanus. Geneva: Le Preux, 1609. ET: Institutions of the Christian Religion. London: George Snowden, 1606.
IW   The Inspired Word. Luis Alanso Schoekel. New York: Herder & Herder, 1965.
JGM   Jesus—God and Man. Wolfhart Pannenberg. Philadelphia: Westminster, 1968.
JJW   The Journal of John Wesley. Edited by N. Curnock. 8 vols. London: Epworth, 1938.
JN   Jesus of Nazareth. Günther Bornkamm. London: Hodder & Stoughton, 1960.
JWO   John Wesley. Edited by Albert C. Outler. LPT. New York: Oxford University Press, 1964.
KC   Kerygma and Counseling. Thomas C. Oden. San Francisco: Harper & Row, 1978.
KJK   Das Kruez Jesu und die Krise der Evangelischen Kirche. S. Findeisen, H. Frey, and W. Johanning. Bad Liebenzell: Verlag der Liebenzeller Mission, 1967.
KJV   King James Version, 1611.
KM   Kerygma and Myth: A Theological Debate with Contributions by Rudolf Bultmann, et al. Edited by H. W. Bartsch. London: SPCK, 1957.
LACT   Library of Anglo-Catholic Theology. 83 vols. Oxford: Parker, 1841–63.
Lat.   Latin
LC   A Compendium of Luther’s Theology. Edited by H. T. Kerr. Philadelphia: Westminster, 1943.
LCC   The Library of Christian Classics. Edited by J. Baillie, J. T. McNiell, and H. P. Van Dusen. 26 vols. Philadelphia: Westminster, 1953–61.
LCF   The Later Christian Fathers. Edited by H. Bettenson. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1970.
LCHS   Letters of St. Athanasius Concerning the Holy Spirit, to Serapion. Translated by C. R. B. Shapland. New York: Philosophical Library, 1951.
Lect.   Lecture(s)
LEP   Of the Laws of Ecclesiastical Polity. Richard Hooker. 2 vols. New York: Dutton, 1960–63.
LF   A Library of Fathers of the Holy Catholic Church. Edited by E. B. Pusey, J. Kebel, J. H. Newman, and C. Marriott. 50 vols. Oxford: Parker, 1838–88.
LG   The Living God. Vol. 1 of Systematic Theology. Thomas C. Oden. San Francisco: Harper & Row, 1987.
LH   The Latin Hymn-Writers. S. W. Duffield. New York: Funk & Wagnalls, 1889.
LibT   Liberation Theology. Leonardo and Clodovis Boff. San Francisco: Harper & Row, 1986.
Lit.   Constitution on the Sacred Liturgy (Sancrosantum Concilium). Doc. Vat. II.
Literal Interp. of Gen.   Literal Interpretation of Genesis. Augustine. CWS.
LLA   Library of Liberal Arts. Edited by Oskar Piest. Indianapolis, IN: Bobbs-Merrill, 1951–.
LMJ   The Life and Ministry of Jesus. Vincent Taylor. Nashville, TN: Abingdon, 1955.
Loci   Loci Commumnes Theologici. Melanchthon. LCC 19., pp. 18–154.
Loeb   Loeb Classical Library. 506 vols. Edited by T. E. Page, et al. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1912–.
LPT   Library of Protestant Thought. Edited by John Dillenberger. 13 vols. New York: Oxford University Press, 1964–72.
LT   1 Loci Theologici. Martin Chemnitz. 1591. 3 vols. Frankfurt: Hoffmann, 1606. 2 Loci Theologici. John Gerhard. 1610–21. 22 vols. Tübingen: n.p., 1762–87.
LTJM   The Life and Times of Jesus the Messiah. Alfred Edersheim. Grand Rapids, MI: ­Eerdmans, 1953.
Luth. Sym.   Introduction to Lutheran Symbolics. J. L. Neve. Burlington, IA: German Literary Board, 1917.
LW   Luther’s Works. Edited by J. Pelikan and H. T. Lehmann. 54 vols. St. Louis, MO: Concordia, 1953–.
LWHG   The Life and Works of Hugo Grotius. London: Grotius Society, 1925.
LXX   Septuagint (Greek Old Testament)
Mand.   Mandates. Pastor of Hermas.
MB   The Doctrine of the Mystical Body of Christ According to the Principles of Theology of St. Thomas Aquinas. Joseph Anger. Translated by John J. Burke. New York: ­Benziger, 1931.
MC   On the Meaning of Christ. John Knox. New York: Scribner, 1947.
MCD   A Manual of Christian Doctrine. John S. Banks. Edited by J. J. Tigert. Nashville, TN: Lamar & Barton, 1924.
MCT   1 Manual of Christian Theology. Nathaniel Burwash. 2 vols. London: Horace ­Marshall, 1900. 2 A Manual of Catholic Theology. Matthias Joseph Wilhelm. Edited by T. B. Scannell. New York: Benziger, 1908–9.
MD   Meditations and Devotions. In Works of John Henry Cardinal Newman. Edited by Joseph Rickaby. Westminster, MD: Christian Classics, 1977.
Med.   Medulla Theologiae Christianiae. Johann Heinrich Heidegger. Tiguri: Gessner, 1696.
Med.   The Mediator. Emil Brunner. Philadelphia: Westminster, 1947.
Metaphy.   Metaphysics
MH   1 Methodist Hymnal. Nashville, TN: United Methodist Publishing, 1966. 2 The Methodist Hymnal. Nashville, TN: Methodist Publishing, 1939.
MHD   A Manual of the History of Dogma. Bernhard John Otten. 2 vols. London: Herder, 1917–18.
Mir.   Essays on Miracles. In Works of John Henry Cardinal Newman. Edited by Joseph Rickaby. Westminster, MD: Christian Classics, 1977.
Mis.   Decree on the Church’s Missionary Activity (Ad Gentes Divinitus). Doc. Vat II.
Mix.   Discourses to Mixed Congregations. In Works of John Henry Cardinal Newman. ­Edited by Joseph Rickaby. Westminster, MD: Christian Classics, 1977.
MLS   Martin Luther: Selections from His Writings. Edited by John Dillenberger. New York: Doubleday, 1961.
MMIS   Moral Man and Immoral Society. Reinhold Niebuhr. New York: Scribner, 1960.
MPG   Patrologia Graeca. Edited by J. B. Migne. 162 vols. Paris: Migne, 1857–76. Volume number followed by column number.
MPL   Patrologia Latina. Edited by J. B. Migne. 221 vols. Paris: Migne, 1841–65. Volume number followed by column number. General Index, Paris, 1912.
MPNTC   A Modern Pilgrimage in New Testament Christology. Norman Perrin. Philadelphia: Fortress, 1974.
MS   The Ministry of the Spirit. A. J. Gordon. Philadelphia: American Baptist Publication Society, 1894.
MTEC   Mystical Theology of the Eastern Church. Vladimir Lossky. London: Clarke, 1957.
MTM   More Than Man: A Study in Christology. Russell F. Aldwinkle. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 1976.
MWS   Ministry of Word and Sacrament: An Enchiridion. Martin Chemnitz. 1595. St. Louis, MO: Concordia, 1981.
Myst.   Mystical, mystery
NA   The Nature of the Atonement. J. M. Campbell. Cambridge: Macmillan, 1856.
NB   The New Birth. John Wesley. Edited by T. Oden. San Francisco: Harper & Row, 1984.
NBD   The New Bible Dictionary. Edited by J. D. Douglas, et al. London: InterVarsity, 1962.
NDM   The Nature and Destiny of Man. Reinhold Niebuhr. 2 vols. New York: Scribner, 1941, 1943.
NE   A New Eusebius: Documents Illustrative of the History of the Church to A.D. 337. ­Edited by J. Stevenson, based on B. J. Kidd. London: SPCK, 1957.
NEB   New English Bible
NIV   New International Version
NJ   The Names of Jesus. Vincent Taylor. London: Macmillan, 1953.
NLG   A New Language for God? Alvin F. Kimel, Jr. Shaker Heights, OH: Episcopalians United, 1990.
NPNF   A Select Library of the Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers of the Christian Church. Edited by H. Wace and P. Schaff. 1st series, 14 vols. 2d series, 14 vols. New York: Christian, 1887–1900. References are by title, book or chapter, subsection, and NPNF series number, volume, and page number.
NQHJ   A New Quest for the Historical Jesus. James M. Robinson. Naperville, IL: Allenson, 1959.
NR   Declaration on the Relationship of the Church to Non-Christian Religions (Nostra Aetate). Doc. Vat. II.
NRSV   New Revised Standard Version
NT   New Testament
NTDC   New Testament Doctrine of Christ. A. E. J. Rawlinson. London: Longmans, Green, 1926.
NTI   New Testament Introduction. Donald Guthrie. Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity, 1971.
NTT   1 New Testament Theology. W. Beyschlag. 2 vols. London, 1893. 2 New Testament Theology. Donald Guthrie. Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity, 1981.
NUNT   Explanatory Notes upon the New Testament. John Wesley. Naperville, IL: Allenson, 1958.
NUOT   Explanatory Notes upon the Old Testament. 3 vols. John Wesley. Salem, OH: Schmul, 1975.
OBP   On Becoming a Person. Carl R. Rogers. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1961.
OC   The Origin of Christology. C. F. D. Moule. London: Cambridge University Press, 1977.
OCD   Outlines of Christian Dogma. Darwell Stone. New York: Longmans, Green, 1900.
OCETW   On Christianity: Early Theological Writings. Friedrich Hegel. New York: Harper, 1948.
OCT   An Outline of Christian Theology. William Newton Clarke. Edinburgh: Clark, 1913.
ODCC   The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church. Edited by F. L. Cross. Revised by F. L. Cross and E. A. Livingstone. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1974.
OED   Oxford English Dictionary.
OF   On the Orthodox Faith. John of Damascus. NPNF 2 9. FC 37.
OFP   1 On First Principles. In Origen: Selected Works. Translated by Rowan Greer. CWS. New York: Paulist Press, 1979. 2 On First Principles. Origen. Translated by G. W. Butterworth. Gloucester, MA: Peter Smith, 1973.
ONTC   The Origins of New Testament Christology. 1. Howard Marshall. Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity, 1976.
OO   Omnia Opera. Francisco Suarez. 29 vols. Paris: Ludovicum Vivès, 1856–78.
OOT   Outlines of Theology. Archibald Alexander Hodge. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 1928.
Orat.   Oration(s)
OSCF   On the Sacraments of the Christian Faith. Hugh of St. Victor. Cambridge, MA: ­Mediaeval Academy of America, 1951.
OT   Old Testament
OTR   Of True Religion. Augustine. Chicago: Henry Regnery, 1959. LCC 6 unless otherwise noted.
OUED   Oxford Universal English Dictionary. Edited by C. T. Onions. 10 vols. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1937.
PACP   Plain Account of Christian Perfection. John Wesley. London: Epworth, 1952.
PC   1 The Person of Christ. Vincent Taylor. London: Macmillan, 1958. 2 The Person of Christ. David F. Wells. Westchester, IL: Crossway, 1984.
PCMT   The Place of Christ in Modern Theology. A. M. Fairbairn. New York: Scribner, 1900.
PF   Philosophical Fragments. Søren Kierkegaard. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1962.
PG   Preparation for the Gospel. Eusebius. 2 vols. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker, 1981.
Phi.   J. B. Phillips New Testament in Modern English.
Phil.   Philosophy
Phil. Frag.   Philosophical Fragments. Søren Kierkegaard. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1985.
Philokal.   The Philokalia. Compiled by Nikodimos of the Holy Mountain and Makarios of Corinth. Edited by G. E. H. Palmer, et al. 3 vols. London: Faber & Faber, 1979–84.
PJC   The Doctrine of the Person of Jesus Christ. H. R. Mackintosh. New York: Scribner, 1931.
PPH   The Power of the Poor in History. Gustavo Gutiérrez. Maryknoll, NY: Orbis Books, 1983.
PPJC   Person and Place of Jesus Christ. P. T. Forsyth. London: Independent Press, 1930.
PPS   Parochial and Plain Sermons. In Works of John Henry Cardinal Newman. Edited by Joseph Rickaby. 8 vols. Westminster, MD: Christian Classics, 1977.
PPSW   Phoebe Palmer: Selected Writings. Edited by Thomas C. Oden. Sources of American Spirituality Series. Mahwah, NJ: Paulist Press, 1988.
Pray.   The Prayers of Catherine of Siena. New York: Paulist Press, 1984.
Prescript.   Prescription
Princip.   De Principiis. Origen. ANF 4, pp. 239–384; cf. OFP.
Proslog.   Proslogium. Anselm. Translated by S. N. Deane. In BW.
Prov.   Providence
PS   Personal Salvation. Wilbur Tillett. Nashville, TN: Barbee & Smith, 1902.
PSG   Philosophers Speak of God. Edited by Charles Hartshorne and William L. Reese. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1953.
PT   The Protestant Tradition. J. S. Whale. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1955.
PW   Practical Works. Richard Baxter. 23 vols. London: James Duncan, 1830.
RAH   Revelation as History. Edited by Wolfhart Pannenberg. New York: Macmillan, 1968.
RD   Reformed Dogmatics. Heinrich Heppe. Translated by G. T. Thomson. London: Allen and Unwin, 1950.
RDB   Reformed Dogmatics: Seventeenth-Century Reformed Theology Through the Writings of Wollebius, Voetius, and Turretin. Edited by John W. Beardslee III. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker, 1965.
RDL   1 Revelations of Divine Love. Julian [Juliana] of Norwich. Translated by M. L. del Mastro. New York: Doubleday, 1977. 2 Revelations of Divine Love. Julia of Norwich. Edited by Francis Beer. Heidelberg, 1978.
Relig.   Religion
RMT   The Resurrection and Modern Thought. W. J. S. Simpson. London: Longmans, Green, 1911.
RMWC   Radical Monotheism and Western Culture. H. Richard Niebuhr. New York: Harper, 1960.
RNT   Redating the New Testament. J. A. T. Robinson. Phildelphia: Westminster, 1976.
RO   Radical Obedience: The Ethics of Rudolf Bultmann. Thomas C. Oden. Philadelphia: Westminster, 1966.
RPR   Readings in the Philosophy of Religion. Edited by John Mourant. New York: Crowell, 1954.
RR   A Rahner Reader. Karl Rahner. Edited by G. A. McCool. Greenwich, CT: Seabury, 1975.
RSV   Revised Standard Version
SA   The Structure of Awareness. Thomas C. Oden. Nashville, TN: Abingdon, 1968.
Sacr.   Sacrament
SCD   Sources of Christian Dogma (Enchiridion Symbolorum). Edited by Henry Denzinger. Translated by Roy Deferrari. New York: Herder, 1954.
SCDoc.   System of Christian Doctrine. Isaak A. Dorner. Edinburgh: Clark, 1898. References are to vol. 4 unless otherwise indicated.
SCF   1 A Summary of the Christian Faith. Henry E. Jacobs. Philadelphia: General ­Council of Publications, 1905. 2 On the Sacraments of the Christian Faith. Hugh of St. Victor. Cambridge, MA: Medieval Academy of America, 1951.
SCG   On the Truth of the Catholic Faith, Summa Contra Gentiles. Thomas Aquinas. 5 vols. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1955–57. Referenced by book, chapter, and page number.
SD   1 The Sickness unto Death. Søren Kierkegaard. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1954. 2 Sermons on Subjects of the Day. In Works of John Henry Cardinal Newman. Edited by Joseph Rickaby. Westminster, MD: Christian Classics, 1977.
SDF   The Sayings of the Desert Fathers. Translated by Benedicta Ward. London: Mowbray, 1975.
Sent.   Sentences of Peter Lombard. Commentaria in Quator Libros Sententiarum. In Works of Bonaventure. Translated by Jose de Vinck. 5 vols. Patterson, NJ: St. Anthony Guild, 1960–70.
Serm.   Sermon(s)
SFG   De Substantia Foederis Gratuiti. Gaspar Olevianus. Geneva, 1585.
SGL   A Shewing of God’s Love. Julia of Norwich. Edited by Anna Maria Reynolds. London: Sheed and Ward, 1974.
SHD   Textbook of the History of Doctrines. Reinhold Seeberg. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker, 1952. Unless otherwise noted, all references are to vol. 1.
Sim.   Similitudes. Pastor of Hermas. 2.
SL   Luthers Werke—Luthers Bibliothek. 30 vols. St. Louis ed. St. Louis: American Lutheran Union, Missouri Synod, 1859–76.
SL   The Spirit of Life. Luis M. Bermejo. Gujarat, India: Gujarat Sahitya Prakish, 1987.
SLT   Systema Locorum Theologicorum. Abraham Calovius. 12 vols. in 4. Wittenberg: Johann Roehner, 1655–77.
SML   Sermons of Martin Luther. Edited by J. N. Lencker. 8 vols. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker, 1988.
SN   Sermon Notes. In Works of John Henry Cardinal Newman. Edited by Joseph Rickaby. Westminster, MD: Christian Classics, 1977.
Sol. Dec.   Solid Declaration. Part II of the Formula of Concord. BOC, pp. 501–636.
SSM   The Spirit of Spanish Mystics. Edited by Kathleen Pond. New York: Kennedy, 1958
ST   1 Summa Theologica. Thomas Aquinas. Edited by English Dominican Fathers. 3 vols. New York: Benziger, 1947. References include part, subpart, question number, volume, and page number of the Benziger edition. See STae for the Blackfriars edition. 2 Systematic Theology. Louis Berkhof. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 1962. 3 Systematic Theology. S. Gamertsfelder. Harrisburg, PA: Evangelical Publishing House, 1952. 4 Systematic Theology. C. Hodge. 3 vols. Reprint, Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 1986. 5 Systematic Theology. J. Miley. Reprint, Peabody, MA: Hendrickson, 1989. 6 Systematic Theology. Miner Raymond. 3 vols. Cincinnati, OH: Hitchcock & Walden, 1877–79. 7 Systematic Theology. Lewis Sperry Chafer. 8 vols. Dallas, TX: Dallas Seminary Press, 1947. 8 Systematic Theology. A. H. Strong. 1907. 3 vols. in one. Reprint, Old Tappan, NJ: Revell, 1979. 9 Systematic Theology. Thomas O. Summers. Edited by J. J. Tigert. 2 vols. Nashville, TN: Methodist Publishing House South, 1888. 10 Systematic Theology. Paul Tillich. 3 vols. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1951–63.
STae   Summa Theologiae: Latin Text and English Translation. Thomas Aquinas. Edited by T. Gilby and T. C. O’Brien. Blackfriars edition. 60 vols. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1964–76.
STC   Syntagma Theologiae Christianae. Amandus Polanus von Polansdorf. Hannover: Marnium, 1610.
STCC   Social Teachings of the Christian Churches. Ernst Troeltsch. 2 vols. New York: Macmillan, 1931.
STCR   Systematic Theology of the Christian Religion. James O. Buswell. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 1962.
Strom.   Stromata, or Miscellanies. Clement of Alexandria. ANF 2.
SW   John Calvin: Selections from His Writings. Edited by John Dillenberger. Missoula, MT: Scholars Press, 1975.
SWML   Selected Writings of Martin Luther. Edited by T. Tappert. 4 vols. Philadelphia: Fortress, 1967.
Syst.   Systematic
Syst. Theol.   1 Systematic Theology. Charles Hodge. 3 vols. 1877. Reprint, Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 1968. 2 Systematic Theology. John Miley. 2 vols. New York: Eaton & Mains, 1892. 3 Systematic Theology. Miner Raymond. 2 vols. Cincinnati, OH: Hitchcock & Walden, 1877. 4 Systematic Theology. A. H. Strong. 1907. 3 vols. in one. Reprint, Old Tappan, NJ: Revell, 1979. 5 Systematic Theology. Thomas O. Summers. 2 vols. Nashville, TN: Methodist Publishing House South, 1888. 6 Systematic Theology. Paul Tillich. 3 vols. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1951–63.
TAA   Treatises Against the Anabaptists and Against the Libertines. John Calvin. Edited by B. W. Farley. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker, 1982.
TAG   The Transactional Awareness Game. Thomas C. Oden. San Francisco: Harper & Row, 1977.
TAPT   St. Thomas Aquinas’ Philosophical Texts. Edited by Thomas Gilby. London: Oxford University Press, 1951.
TATT   St. Thomas Aquinas’ Theological Texts. Edited by Thomas Gilby. London: Oxford University Press, 1955.
TC   1 Training in Christianity. Søren Kierkegaard. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1941. 2 Theologia Christiana. Benedictus Pictet. Geneva, 1696. 3 The Church. Hans Küng. New York: Doubleday, 1976.
TCBM   The Truth of Christmas—Beyond the Myths: The Gospels of the Infancy of Christ. Rene Laurentin. Petersham, MA: St. Bede’s Publications, 1985.
TCGNT   A Textual Commentary on the Greek New Testament. Bruce M. Metzger. New York: United Bible Societies, 1971.
TCI   Theological Compendium Improved. Amos Binney, with Daniel Steele. New York: Phillips & Hunt, 1875.
TCL   Translations of Christian Literature. Edited by S. Simpson and L. Clarke. London: SPCK, 1917–.
TCNT   Twentieth-Century New Testament
TDNT   Theological Dictionary of the New Testament. Edited by G. Kittel. Translated by G. W. Bromiley. 9 vols. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 1964–74.
TDOT   Theological Dictionary of the Old Testament. Edited by G. J. Botterweck and H. Ringgren. 5 vols. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 1975.
TDP   Theologia Didactico-Polemica. Friedrich Quenstedt. 4 parts in 1 vol. Wittenberg: J. L. Quenstedt, 1691.
TEV   Today’s English Version
TF   The Trinitarian Faith. Thomas F. Torrance. Edinburgh: Clark, 1988.
TFE   Truth, Freedom and Evil. Anselm of Canterbury. Translated by Jasper Hopkins and Herbert Richardson. New York: Harper & Row, 1967.
TFR   Commentary on True and False Religion. Huldreich Zwingli. WZ 3, pp. 43–343.
TGI   The Truth of God Incarnate. Edited by Michael Green. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 1977.
TGS   Theology of God—Sources. Edited by K. Kehoe. New York: Bruce, 1971.
Theol.   Theology, theological
Tho. Aq.   Thomas Aquinas
TI   1 Theological Institutes. Richard Watson. Edited by John M’Clintock. 2 vols. New York: Carlton & Porter, 1850. 2 Theological Investigations. Karl Rahner. 23 vols. London and New York, 1961–92.
TIR   Trinity, Incarnation, and Redemption. Anselm of Canterbury. Translated by Jasper Hopkins and Herbert Richardson. New York: Harper & Row, 1969.
TJC   The Titles of Jesus in Christology. Ferdinand Hahn. London: Lutterworth, 1969.
TKG   Theology and the Kingdom of God. Wolfhart Pannenberg. Edited by R. J. Neuhaus. Philadelphia: Westminster, 1971.
TLC   Theology of the Living Church. L. Harold DeWolfe. New York: Harper, 1953.
TM   A Handbook of Theology: Homiletical Manual of Christian Doctrine. John Harries. London: Kelly, 1903.
TNC   The Two Natures in Christ. Martin Chemnitz. Translated by J. A. O. Preus. St. Louis, MO: Concordia, 1971.
TNT   1 Theology of the New Testament. Rudolf Bultmann. 2 vols. New York: Scribner, 1952. 2 An Outline of the Theology of the New Testament. Hans Conzelmann. Philadelphia: Fortress, 1983. 3 A Theology of the New Testament. George E. Ladd. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 1974. 4 The Theology of the New Testament. George B. ­Stevens. Edinburgh: Clark, 1908.
TPA   Theologia Positiva Acroamatica. John Frederick Koenig. 1664. Rostock: Joachim Wild, 1687.
TPW   Taylor’s Practical Works. Jeremy Taylor. 2 vols. London: Bohn, 1854.
Tracts   Tracts and Treatises. John Calvin. 3 vols. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 1958.
Trent   The Canons and Decrees of the Council of Trent. Edited by H. J. Schroeder. Rockford, IL: TAN, 1978.
Trin.   Trinity
TSD   Theologia Scholastica Didactica. J. H. Alsted. Hanover, 1618.
TWS   Theology in the Wesleyan Spirit. Albert C. Outler. Nashville, TN: Tidings, 1975.
U&R   Unity and Reform: Selected Writings of Nicholas de Cusa. Edited by John P. Dolan. Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press, 1962.
UEMA   The Universities of Europe in the Middle Ages. Hastings Rashdall. 3 vols. Oxford: Clarendon, 1895.
US   Oxford University Sermons. In Works of John Henry Cardinal Newman. Edited by Joseph Rickaby. Westminster, MD: Christian Classics, 1977.
UTS   Universae Theologiae Systema. Caspar Brochmann. 1633.
v.   verse
Vat.   Vatican
VCOS   On the Virgin Conception and Original Sin. Anselm. TIR.
Vis.   Visions. Pastor of Hermas.
Vlg.   Vulgate
Vulg.   Vulgate
WA   Weimarer Ausgabe. Dr. Martin Luthers Werke, Kritische Gemsamtausgabe, 127 vols. Weimar: Verlag Hermann Böhlau, 1883–. References give volume number followed by page number.
WAS   What Augustine Says. Edited by Norman L. Geisler. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker, 1982.
WCB   1 What Catholics Believe. Josef Pieper. New York: Pantheon, 1951. 2 World Christian Books. Edited by John Goodwin. London: Lutterworth, 1954–.
WCC   World Council of Churches
Werke   Huldreich Zwingli’s Werke. Edited by M. Schuler and J. Schulthess. 8 vols. Zurich: Schulthess, 1828.
WF   Word and Faith. Gerhard Ebeling. London: SCM, 1963.
WHNS   A Collection of Hymns for the Use of the People Called Methodists, with a New Supplement. London: Wesleyan Conference Office, 1876. Referenced by hymn number.
WHS   The Work of the Holy Spirit. Abraham Kuyper. New York: Funk & Wagnalls, 1900.
WIB   Works of Isaac Barrow. 3 vols. New York: Riker, 1845.
WJE   The Works of Jonathan Edwards. 2 vols. Carlisle, PA: Banner of Truth Trust, 1974.
WJW   Works of the Reverend John Wesley. Edited by Thomas Jackson. 14 vols. London: Wesleyan Conference Office, 1872.
WJWB   The Works of John Wesley. Edited by Frank Baker. Bicentennial ed. 8 vols. Nashville, TN: Abingdon, 1975–. (Formerly published by Oxford University Press.)
WL   The Word of Life. Vol. 2 of Systematic Theology. Thomas C. Oden. San Francisco: Harper & Row, 1989.
WLS   What Luther Says. Edited by E. Plass. 3 vols. St. Louis, MO: Concordia, 1959.
WML   Works of Martin Luther: An Anthology. Philadelphia ed. 6 vols. Philadelphia: Muhlenberg, 1943.
WNUUD   Webster’s New Universal Unabridged Dictionary. 2d ed. New York: World Publishing, 1983.
Works   1 Complete Works of John Bunyan. 4 vols. London: Virtue & Yorston, n.d. 2 Works of John Fletcher. 4 vols. Salem, OH: Schmul, 1974. 3 Works of John Owen. 16 vols. Reprint, Carlisle, PA: Banner of Truth, 1965. 4 Works of Thomas Goodwin. 12 vols. Edinburgh: Nichol, 1861–66. 5 Works of Andrew Fuller. 8 vols. Charlestown, MA: Collier, 1820–25.
WT   Waterbuffalo Theology. Kosuko Koyama. Maryknoll, NY: Orbis Books, 1974.
WZ   The Latin Works of Huldreich Zwingli. Translated by S. M. ­Jackson. 3 vols. Philadelphia: Heidelberg, 1929.